Climate Activist Greta Thunberg recently made headlines in the world media with her sensitive speech at United Nations. She targeted world leaders for ignoring climate change.
Started her speech with “My message is that we’ll be watching you”, Greta ripped the world leaders over climate change.
Greta’s speech is an alarm clock for the world to wake up and take proper actions against changing environment.
The growing competition between the countries is forcing the world leaders to set aggressive economic goals that take a huge amount of natural resources. Consequently, in such cutthroat competition to gain economical advantage, they fail to save the surrounding environment.
This is where Greta’s words make sense. The people around the world are forgetting about conserving the nature. Instead, they are more inclined to making money and living a lifestyle that consume a great pie of natural resources like fuel, food and water.
Therefore, the extreme use of natural resources, continual increase of deforestation across the world, formation of greenhouse gases, etc. have become the prime drivers, which are leading the planet earth to extinction.
Going deep into Greta’s speech at UN, following are few eye opening points to be considered:
Cutting emissions to a half in the next 10 years gives us only 50% chance of staying below 1.5 Degrees Celsius and the risk of irreversible chain reaction beyond human control:
What will happen if temperature will increase “just” by 1.5 Degrees?
It is more than one might think!
According to some leaked draft of IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change), the 1.5 Degrees temperature increase will force
- More than 10 million people out of their home due to rising sea level.
- May cause 50% reduction in global population experiencing water scarcity.
- More than 50% species will lose half of their geographic range.
To reach the global threshold of 1.5 degrees, the world had 420 Giga tons of CO2 left to emit back on January 1st 2018.
- This means addition of 420 Gt of CO2 in the earth’s atmosphere will increase the global temperature by 1.5 Degrees Celsius, resulting in drastic climate change.
- As of 2019, the figure is already down to 350 Giga tons.
- Every years, approximately 42 Gt of CO2 is emitted globally. Therefore, the budget of 420 Gt may be used in just 9 years.
- Likewise, 1170 Gt budget of staying below 2o Celsius will be all exhausted in the next 26 years.
What political leaders need to do over this extreme situation?
- As the clock keeps ticking, the political decision-makers across the globe have very less time to take actions.
As the condition of developing nations is considered, they are still busy in improving their basic infrastructure. In such case, the technology and infrastructure is not sufficient enough to restrict carbon emission.
- CO2 emissions are on the way to take us beyond 1.5 degrees
For instance, in highly populated and developing countries like China and India, people are excessively using fuels like petrol and diesel to power-up their bikes and cars. In peak hours (starting of work), one cannot walk freely on the streets of such countries due to excessively populated roads with bikes and cars. It is really hard to breathe fresh air as the population is equally responsible for global warming due to the increased use of vehicles.
Additionally, large amount of chemicals are emitted everyday via industries. They don’t have any restrictions to comply with industry standards. This is happening due to inefficiency of local governments to ban the producers of CO2. Similarly, millions or billions of other sources are freely emitting toxic gas in the atmosphere for the sake of increasing their revenue. However, country leaders should take a stand to stop this because the future consequences will be beyond human control.
written by Mayur Shewale